Tour de France Winning Bikes by Year (1903 to 2023)

36 different bike brands won the Tour de France in 110 editions. In this article, cycling fan Alex Lee breaks down the top 12 bike brands that have won at least 3 times.

Founder, Mr. Mamil
Jonas Vingegaard Cervelo S5 at Tour de France 2023
Jonas Vingegaard’s Cervelo S5

Jonas Vingegaard rode a Cervélo bike to his second Tour de France overall win in 2023 with SRAM Red eTap AXS electronic groupset and Reserve Wheels.

Depending on the stage profile, Jonas Vingegaard’s bike can be a Cervelo R5, S5, or P3.

  • Cervélo R5 is an all-rounder, lightweight road race bike for the mountains.
  • Cervélo S5 is an aero bike for the flat stages.
  • Cervélo P5 is a time trial bike that Jonas rode to win the Stage 16 ITT.

Full specifications and setup of Jonas Vingegaard’s bike.

Throughout 110 editions (up to 2023), the Tour de France has been won by 36 different bike brands. Many of these brands are unknown to cycling fans today. Few bike brands, such as Colnago, Pinarello, Specialized, and Trek, are synonymous with cycling fans today.

The road bike industry has undergone massive change and innovation in the past 20 years by introducing new technologies such as electronic shifting, carbon fiber frames, disc brakes, and tubeless tires.

This article will go back in history and explore all the Tour de France winning bikes.

Pinarello – 15 wins

Egan Bernal’s Pinarello Dogma F12

Pinarello has a long history in cycling, dating back to 19534, when it was founded by Giovanni Pinarello in Treviso, Italy. With 15 Tour de France wins, Pinarello is the most successful bike brand at the Tour de France.

Pinarello’s dominance at the Tour de France can be summed up in two eras.

  • Mid-1990s. Miguel Indurain won four consecutive Tour de France from 1992 to 1995, followed by Bjarne Riis (1996) and Jan Ullrich (1997).
  • Mid-2010s. Team Sky (Ineos-Grenadiers) won seven Tour de France with Bradley Wiggins (2012), Chris Froome (2013, 2015, 2016, 2017), Geraint Thomas (2018), and Egan Bernal (2019).

Today, Pinarello’s top-of-the-line bike is the Pinarello Dogma F.

More reading : Pinarello Road Bike Line Up Explained

L’Auto – 10 wins

Front Page of L’Auto Newspaper

L’Auto (now L’Equipe) is not a bike brand but the French newspaper that started the Tour de France in 1903.

From 1930 to 1939, Henri Desgrange, the newspaper’s owner, required all riders to paint their bikes’ downtube with L’Auto as part of the marketing campaign and publicity stunt to increase the race profile.

During that period, riders competed based on national teams, so there wasn’t any commercial conflict of interest.

Peugeot – 10 wins

Bernard Thévenet at the 1977 Tour de France

Today, most of us know Peugeot as the French automotive brand. Peugeot started making bicycles way back in 1882 and won their first Tour de France with Louis Trousselier in 1905 and their last win came in 1977 with Bernard Thévenet.

In the past 50 years, the bicycle arm of Peugeot has gone through various ownership. Today it’s part of Cycleuope, which owns bike brands such as Bianchi and Gitane.

Here’s an interesting fact; Peugeot has a complete bike lineup from road to mountain, city, kids, and electric bikes.

Gitane – 9 wins

Laurent Fignon’s rode the Gitane to win the 1983 Tour de France

Gitane is a French bike brand synonymous with racing from the mid-1960s to the mid-1980s. All nine of Gitane’s Tour de France wins occurred during this period with legendary French riders such as Bernard Hinault (4), Jacques Anquetil (2), Laurent Fignon (2), and Belgian Lucien Van Impe (1).

Today, Gitane is part of Cycleuope, which owns the Bianchi and Peugeot bike brands. Gitane produces mostly city and mountain bikes today. They don’t have much presence outside of France.

Trek – 10 wins

Alberto Contador at the 2009 Tour de France

Founded in 1976, Trek is one of the leading bike brands today with its men’s and women’s World Tour teams.

Trek’s first Tour de France win was in 1999 by Lance Armstrong. For the next seven years until 2005, Lance Armstrong dominated the Tour de France, helping to raise Trek’s profile in the United States and worldwide. In 2012, all seven of Lance’s Tour de France wins were nulled.

Trek’s other three Tour de France wins were with Alberto Contador in 2007, 2009, and 2010 although the 2010 win was later nulled.

Trek offers the riders three types of road bikes; Trek Emonda (lightweight), Trek Madone (aero) and Trek Domane (endurance), and the Trek Speed Concept (TT).

More reading : Trek Road Bikes Line Up Explained

Alcyon – 7 wins

Alcyon Tour de France Poster

Alcyon was a French bicycle, motorcycle, and automotive brand active from 1903 to 1954. They sponsored their own cycling team from 1905 to 1959 under different names such as Alcyon-Dunlop, Alcyon-Soly, Alcyon-Armor, and Alcyon-Leroux

Their first Tour de France win was in 1909 with François Faber, a Luxembourgian rider. Their last win was in 1929 with Belgian Maurice De Waele. From 1930 onwards, the Tour de France organizers required the teams to paint their bikes’ downtube with L’Auto, the newspaper that started the Tour de France.

Eddy Merckx – 5 wins

Eddy Merckx’s 1974 Tour de France Winning Bike

Eddy Merckx is no stranger to cycling fans. He’s widely known as the most successful cyclist of all time, winning the Tour de France (5 times), Giro d’ Italia (5 times), and 34 Tour de France stages.

The Eddy Merckx bike brand was only started in 1980 after he retired. Eddy Merckx was riding bikes built by Masi and Kessels with his name painted on the downtube for his five Tour de France wins.

In 2008, Eddy Merckx sold all his shares in the company to Sobradis, a Belgian holding company. In 2017, another Belgian company, Race Productions, which owns Ridley Bikes, took over Eddy Merckx after struggling with sales for the past decade.

Automoto – 4 wins

Automoto Tour de France Poster

Automoto was a French bicycle and motorcycle manufacturer that started in 1902. It was the dominant bike brand in the mid-1920s, with four consecutive Tour de France wins from 1923 to 1923 with three different riders.

In 1930, it was bought by Peugeot and sadly discontinued in 1962.

Bianchi – 3 wins

Marco Pantani’s 1998 Tour de France Winning Bike

Bianchi is the oldest bicycle manufacturing company today. It was founded in Italy back in 1885 by Edoardo Bianchi who was a 21-year-old medical instrument maker.

All of Bianchi’s three Tour de France wins were achieved by Italian riders. Fausto Coppi won in 1949 and 1952 and Marco Pantini won in 1998. Bianchi was present at the World Tour with Team Jumbo-Visma (2014 to 2020) and Team BikeExchange (2021.

Team Arkea-Samsic will ride the Bianchi Oltre (aero) and Bianchi Specialissima (lightweight) at the 2023 Tour de France.

Today, Bianchi bikes are known for their Celeste color, also known as Bianchi Green.

Colnago – 3 wins

Tadej Pogačar Colnago V3Rs

Colnago has a long history, dating back to 1952. It was founded by Ernesto Colnago near Milan, Italy. In May 2020, Chimera Investments LLC, based in the UAE, acquired a majority stake in Colnago.

Colnago’s first Tour de France win was in 1960 by Italian rider, Gastone Nencini. It was a long 60-year wait for their second win until Tadej Pogačar won two consecutive Tour de France in 2020 and 2021. He also won the Best Young Rider and Climber Classification in these two years riding the Colnago V3Rs.

In 2023, Tadej Pogačar will be riding the Colnago V4Rs in an attempt to win his third Tour de France General Classification.

Helyett – 3 wins

A Helyett Speciale in 1963

Helyett is a little-known French bicycle manufacturer started by the Picard brothers in 1926. It took its name from a lead character from a late 19th-century play, Miss Helyett, which is why the Helyett logo has a young women’s face on it.

Frenchman, Jacques Anquetil won three of his five Tour de France onboard a Helyett bike in 1957, 1961, and 1962.

La Sportive – 3 wins

La Sportive’s three Tour de France wins occurred right after World War 1, from 1919 to 1921. Right after the war, Europe was in bad shape and many bicycle manufacturers were either out of business or didn’t have the manufacturing capabilities.

The remaining brands include Alcyon, Armor, Automoto, Clément, La Française, Gladiator, Griffon, Hurtu, Labor, Liberator, Peugeot, and Thomann came together. They provided more than half the peloton with various bicycles and components so that the Tour de France can take place.

Once each brand recovered from the aftermath of World War 1, La Sportive disbanded in 1922.

Tour de France winning bikes by year

YearWinnerNationalityTeamBike brand
2023Jonas VingegaardDenmarkTeam Jumbo-VismaCervélo
2022Jonas VingegaardDenmarkTeam Jumbo-VismaCervélo
2021Tadej PogačarSloveniaUAE Team EmiratesColnago
2020Tadej PogačarSloveniaUAE Team EmiratesColnago
2019Egan BernalColombiaTeam IneosPinarello
2018Geraint ThomasGreat BritainTeam SkyPinarello
2017Chris FroomeGreat BritainTeam SkyPinarello
2016Chris FroomeGreat BritainTeam SkyPinarello
2015Chris FroomeGreat BritainTeam SkyPinarello
2014Vincenzo NibaliItalyAstanaSpecialized
2013Chris FroomeGreat BritainTeam SkyPinarello
2012Bradley WigginsGreat BritainTeam SkyPinarello
2011Cadel EvansAustraliaBMC Racing TeamBMC
2010Andy SchleckLuxembourgTeam Saxo BankSpecialized
2009Alberto ContadorSpainAstanaTrek
2008Carlos SastreSpainTeam CSCCervélo
2007Alberto ContadorSpainDiscovery ChannelTrek
2006Óscar PereiroSpainCaisse d’Epargne-Illes BalearsPinarello
2005Lance ArmstrongUnited StatesDiscovery ChannelTrek
2004Lance ArmstrongUnited StatesUS Postal Service-Discovery ChannelTrek
2003Lance ArmstrongUnited StatesUS Postal ServiceTrek
2002Lance ArmstrongUnited StatesUS Postal ServiceTrek
2001Lance ArmstrongUnited StatesUS Postal ServiceTrek
2000Lance ArmstrongUnited StatesUS Postal ServiceTrek
1999Lance ArmstrongUnited StatesUS Postal ServiceTrek
1998Marco PantaniItalyMercatone Uno-BianchiBianchi
1997Jan UllrichGermanyTeam TelekomPinarello
1996Bjarne RiisDenmarkTeam TelekomPinarello
1995Miguel IndurainSpainBanestoPinarello
1994Miguel IndurainSpainBanestoPinarello
1993Miguel IndurainSpainBanestoPinarello
1992Miguel IndurainSpainBanestoPinarello
1991Miguel IndurainSpainBanestoRazesa
1990Greg LeMondUnited StatesZ-TomassoGreg LeMond
1989Greg LeMondUnited StatesAD Renting-W-Cup-BottecchiaBottecchia
1988Pedro DelgadoSpainReynoldsPinarello
1987Stephen RocheIrelandCarrera Jeans-VagabondBattaglin
1986Greg LeMondUnited StatesLa Vie ClaireLook
1985Bernard HinaultFranceLa Vie ClaireHinault
1984Laurent FignonFranceRenault-ElfGitane
1983Laurent FignonFranceRenault-ElfGitane
1982Bernard HinaultFranceRenault-Elf-GitaneGitane
1981Bernard HinaultFranceRenault-Elf-GitaneGitane
1980Joop ZoetemelkNetherlandsTI-Raleigh-CredaRaleigh
1979Bernard HinaultFranceRenault-GitaneGitane
1978Bernard HinaultFranceRenault-Gitane-CampagnoloGitane
1977Bernard ThévenetFrancePeugeot-Esso-MichelinPeugeot
1976Lucien Van ImpeBelgiumGitane-CampagnoloGitane
1975Bernard ThévenetFrancePeugeot-BP-MichelinPeugeot
1974Eddy MerckxBelgiumMolteniEddy Merckx
1973Luis OcañaSpainBicMotobécane
1972Eddy MerckxBelgiumMolteniEddy Merckx
1971Eddy MerckxBelgiumMolteniEddy Merckx
1970Eddy MerckxBelgiumFaemino-FaemaEddy Merckx
1969Eddy MerckxBelgiumFaemaEddy Merckx
1968Jan JanssenNetherlandsPelforth-Sauvage-LejeuneSauvage-Lejeune
1967Roger PingeonFrancePeugeot-BP-MichelinPeugeot
1966Lucien AimarFranceFord France-HutchinsonGéminiani
1965Felice GimondiItalySalvaraniMagni
1964Jacques AnquetilFranceSaint-Raphaël-Gitane-DunlopGitane
1963Jacques AnquetilFranceSaint-Raphaël-Gitane-R. GeminianiGitane
1962Jacques AnquetilFranceSaint-Raphaël-Helyett-HutchinsonHelyett
1961Jacques AnquetilFranceFranceHelyett
1960Gastone NenciniItalyItalyColnago
1959Federico BahamontesSpainSpainCoppi
1958Charly GaulLuxembourgLuxembourgGuerra
1957Jacques AnquetilFranceFranceHelyett
1956Roger WalkowiakFranceFranceGéminiani
1955Louison BobetFranceFranceMercier
1954Louison BobetFranceFranceStella
1953Louison BobetFranceFranceStella
1952Fausto CoppiItalyItalyBianchi
1951Hugo KobletSwitzerlandSwitzerlandLa Perle
1950Ferdinand KüblerSwitzerlandSwitzerlandFréjus
1949Fausto CoppiItalyItalyBianchi
1948Gino BartaliItalyItalyLegnano
1947Jean RobicFranceFranceGénial-Lucifer
1939Sylvère MaesBelgiumBelgiumL’Auto
1938Gino BartaliItalyItalyL’Auto
1937Roger LapébieFranceFranceL’Auto
1936Sylvère MaesBelgiumBelgiumL’Auto
1935Romain MaesBelgiumBelgiumL’Auto
1934Antonin MagneFranceFranceL’Auto
1933Georges SpeicherFranceFranceL’Auto
1932André LeducqFranceFranceL’Auto
1931Antonin MagneFranceFranceL’Auto
1930André LeducqFranceAlcyon-DunlopL’Auto
1929Maurice De WaeleBelgiumAlcyon-DunlopAlcyon
1928Nicolas FrantzLuxembourgAlcyon-DunlopAlcyon
1927Nicolas FrantzLuxembourgAlcyon-DunlopAlcyon
1926Lucien BuysseBelgiumAutomoto-HutchinsonAutomoto
1925Ottavio BottecchiaItalyAutomoto-HutchinsonAutomoto
1924Ottavio BottecchiaItalyAutomotoAutomoto
1923Henri PélissierFranceAutomoto-HutchinsonAutomoto
1922Firmin LambotBelgiumPeugeot-WolberPeugeot
1921Léon ScieurBelgiumLa SportiveLa Sportive
1920Philippe ThysBelgiumLa SportiveLa Sportive
1919Firmin LambotBelgiumLa SportiveLa Sportive
1914Philippe ThysBelgiumPeugeot-WolberPeugeot
1913Philippe ThysBelgiumPeugeot-WolberPeugeot
1912Odile DefrayeBelgiumAlcyon-DunlopAlcyon
1911Gustave GarrigouFranceAlcyon-DunlopAlcyon
1910Octave LapizeFranceAlcyon-DunlopAlcyon
1909François FaberLuxembourgAlcyon-DunlopAlcyon
1908Lucien Petit-BretonFrancePeugeot-WolberPeugeot
1907Lucien Petit-BretonFrancePeugeot-WolberPeugeot
1906René PottierFrancePeugeot-WolberPeugeot
1905Louis TrousselierFrancePeugeot-WolberPeugeot
1904Henri CornetFranceConteConte
1903Maurice GarinFranceLa FrançaiseLa Française
Tour de France winner’s bike brand (1903-2023)
Alex Lee at Mr.Mamil

Alex Lee is the founder and editor-at-large of Mr. Mamil. Coming from a professional engineering background, he breaks down technical cycling nuances into an easy-to-understand and digestible format here.

He has been riding road bikes actively for the past 12 years and started racing competitively in the senior category during the summer recently.