In this comparison, I’ll dissect two popular bike models; the Orbea Orca vs Pinarello Dogma F.
I’ll compare their lineups, bike specifications, and suggested retail prices in USD, then discuss the carbon fiber technology (Orbea Monocoque (TorayCa) Carbon and Pinarello TorayCa Carbon) and frameset technologies.
The goal is to give you a better understanding of Orbea Orca and Pinarello Dogma F to help in your decision-making.
|Orbea Orca||Pinarello Dogma F|
|Type of bike||Lightweight, all-rounder||All-rounder|
|Frame material||OMX (T1100) carbon|
OMR (T800) carbon
|TorayCa T1100 carbon|
|Frame sizes||47, 49, 51, 53, 55, 57, 60||430, 465, 500, 515, 530, 545, 560, 575, 595|
|Groupset||Shimano, SRAM (12-speed)||Shimano, SRAM, Campagnolo (12-speed)|
|Brakes||Hydraulic disc||Hydraulic disc|
|Price (USD)||$3,599 to $11,599||Check with local retailers|
The latest Orbea Orca was launched in mid-July 2023, during the last week of the Tour de France.
Compared to its predecessor, the 2024 Orbea Orca is a lot lighter (832g previously vs 750g for a size 53 frame). This is achieved using a traditional-looking, round tube frame without the dropped seat stays seen on the majority of road bikes today. At 6.7kg for the top-of-the-line M11eLTD PWR model with SRAM Red AXS, it’s among the lightest, disc brake road bikes available today, alongside the likes of Cannondale Supersix Evo LAB71 and Cervelo R5.
Like many other Orbea models, the Orbea Orca offers a lot of customization options for the riders, thanks to the MyO configurator. There are 11 models available with either Shimano or SRAM electronic shifting groupsets. The models with PWR indicate it comes with a power meter, the LTD models use the highest grade OMX carbon.
|Model||Frame material||Groupset||Wheelset||Retail price (USD)|
|Orbea Orca M11eLTD PWR||OMX (Toray T1100) carbon||SRAM Red eTap AXS||Oquo RP35LTD (carbon)||$11,599|
|Orbea Orca M10iLTD PWR||OMX (Toray T1100) carbon||Shimano Dura-Ace Di2 (R9200)||Oquo RP35LTD (carbon)||$11,599|
|Orbea Orca M21eLTD PWR||OMX (Toray T1100) carbon||SRAM Force eTap AXS||Oquo RP35LTD (carbon)||$7,999|
|Orbea Orca M20iLTD||OMX (Toray T1100) carbon||Shimano Ultegra Di2 (R8100)||Oquo RP45LTD (carbon)||$6,999|
|Orbea Orca M31eLTD||OMX (Toray T1100) carbon||SRAM Rival eTap AXS||Oquo RP45LTD (carbon)||$5,999|
|Orbea Orca M31iLTD PWR||OMX (Toray T1100) carbon||Shimano 105 Di2 (R7100)||Oquo RP45LTD (carbon)||$5,999|
|Orbea Orca M21eTEAM PWR||OMR (Toray T800) carbon||SRAM Force eTap AXS||Oquo RP35TEAM (carbon)||$6,899|
|Orbea Orca M21iTEAM||OMR (Toray T800) carbon||Shimano Ultegra Di2 (R8100)||Oquo RP35TEAM (carbon)||$5,999|
|Orbea Orca M31eTEAM||OMR (Toray T800) carbon||SRAM Rival eTap AXS||Oquo RP35PRO (alloy)||$4,699|
|Orbea Orca M35i||OMR (Toray T800) carbon||Shimano 105 Di2 (R7100)||Oquo RP35TEAM (carbon)||$4,599|
|Orbea Orca M30i||OMR (Toray T800) carbon||Shimano 105 Di2 (R7100)||Oquo RP35PRO (alloy)||$3,599|
Orbea Orca vs others
Pinarello Dogma F
The Pinarello Dogma F was released just days before the 2021 Tour de France. It’s Pinarello’s fastest and lightest performance road bike to date. It’s the bike that Ineos-Grenadiers will race on in July.
The main improvement in the Pinarello Dogma F is weight savings. By reducing weight in the cockpit, fork, headset, seat tube, and seat clamp, the Dogma F is 265g lighter than the Dogma F12 in the same configuration for a size 53. Pinarello also redesigned the (although subtle) fork, downtube, and seat stays. Combining these allows air to flow with less interruption, improving aerodynamics by 4.8% over the Dogma F12.
The Pinarello Dogma F is available in 11 frame sizes with 16 handlebar reach/widths and two seat post setback choices. This gives the cyclist 352 sizing options to get the ideal fit. As the top-of-the-line bike, the Pinarello Dogma F is only available with the best electronic shifting groupsets from Shimano, SRAM, or Campagnolo.
|Pinarello Dogma F||Toray T1100 carbon||Shimano Dura-Ace Di2 (R9200)||Shimano Dura-Ace C50|
|Pinarello Dogma F||Toray T1100 carbon||SRAM Red eTap AXS||DT Swiss ARC 1400|
|Pinarello Dogma F||Toray T1100 carbon||Campagnolo Super Record EPS||Campagnolo Bora WTO|
Pinarello Dogma F vs others
Orbea vs Pinarello carbon fiber
Orbea Monocoque (TorayCa) Carbon
Orbea uses carbon fiber from TorayCa in their bikes. It’s one of the handful of bike manufacturers that uses a monocoque carbon fiber construction, resulting in a lighter and stiffer frameset. The two most prominent types of carbon used in Orbea’s bike frames are OMX (T1100K) and OMR (T800) carbon.
- OMX (Orbea Monocoque X) carbon is Orbea’s top-grade carbon fiber, with the ultimate blend of stiffness, lightness, and strength. Monocoque refers to a type of construction technique where the external skin supports the structural load, which, when applied to bike frames, results in a balance of strength and weight. Due to its high manufacturing cost, OMX carbon is typically reserved for Orbea’s top-tier models.
- OMR (Orbea Monocoque Race) is the standard carbon composite used by Orbea. While OMR doesn’t match the absolute performance capabilities of OMX, it offers a fantastic performance-to-value ratio. This makes it a great choice for riders looking for top-notch performance without the premium price tag of the top-grade OMX carbon.
Pinarello uses Torayca carbon in their bikes due to the material’s performance characteristics and the consistency of its quality. Toray’s manufacturing processes ensure a high level of control over the properties of carbon fiber, resulting in a reliable and predictable material.
Different grades of Torayca carbon are used in Pinarello bikes, which are distinguished by their moduli. The T in T1100, T900, T700, and T600 refers to Torayca, and the number denotes the grade of the carbon fiber.
A higher number equates to a higher grade of carbon, which in turn offers more stiffness and less weight, but also typically costs more to produce.
- T1100 carbon is the top Pinarello’s carbon offering. This high-end carbon fiber blend is created for the ultimate stiffness-to-weight ratio. Utilizing the highest quality carbon fiber available, Pinarello designs frames with T1100 Carbon for their flagship, Pinarello Dogma F series.
- T900 carbon is another high-quality carbon fiber offering from Pinarello, albeit slightly less stiff and lightweight than T1100. It’s used in the Pinarello F series road bikes, such as the F9 and F7.
- T700 carbon is a step down from the T900 but still offers a solid balance between weight, stiffness, and cost. It’s found in mid-range models, such as the Pinarello F5.
- T600 carbon is the entry level of Pinarello’s carbon range, is heavier, less stiff, and more comfortable. It’s used in the Endurance road bike series, the Pinarello X.
Frameset technologies and innovations
Orbea Orca and Pinarello Dogma F framesets incorporate advanced technologies to enhance their bikes’ performance and ride characteristics.
Here’s an overview of the technologies used in each bike model.
|Monocoque Carbon Construction||Monocoque carbon construction is a process that uses the most advanced carbon technology to create the most sophisticated bike frames possible. Monocoque means that the frame is made of a single piece of carbon fiber, rather than multiple pieces joined together. This ensures that the frame is lighter, stiffer, and stronger, as there are no weak points or excess material. |
Orbea has two grades of carbon fibers; OMX (Orbea Monocoque X-Light) and OMR (Orbea Monocoque Race). Orbea also uses a bladder molding technique with EPS (expanded polystyrene) forms and PU (polyurethane) inserts to prevent wrinkles and gaps in the carbon layers, which can compromise the quality and durability of the frame.
|ICR Plus||This stands for Internal Cable Routing, which is a system that routes all the cables neatly through the bar, stem, and headset for a clean look and improved aerodynamics. ICR also makes it easier to maintain and service the bike compare to other bike brands’ solutions.|
|Powerspine||Powerspine is a frame design technology that enhances the stiffness and power transmission of the bike. The Powerspine is the lower spine of the frame that handles the large majority of torsional and lateral loads. This means that the frame is stiff in the right places, which results in direct power transfer to the rear wheel and more efficient pedaling. |
The Powerspine also contributes to the lightness and aerodynamics of the Orca, as it eliminates unnecessary material and reduces drag.
Pinarello Dogma F
|T1100 1K carbon fiber||The T1100 refers to a high-grade carbon fiber known for its exceptional tensile strength and modulus. This results in a frame that is incredibly stiff and durable.|
The 1K signifies that each tow of carbon fiber contains 1,000 filaments. This fine weave creates a lightweight, robust frame that also enhances the bike’s aesthetic appeal.
|Asymmetric frame||The Pinarello Dogma F series has an asymmetric frame that compensates for the unbalanced forces generated by the drivetrain. The right side of the frame is stiffer and stronger than the left side, to improve power transfer and efficiency. The asymmetric frame also enhances the handling and stability of the bike|
|Nanoalloy Technology||Implemented in the carbon fiber resin, this technology uses microscopic nanoparticles to form a composite material highly resistant to impacts and fatigue. This means the bike frame maintains its structural integrity under stress and over time, reinforcing the quality of the Pinarello Dogma F.|
|TiCR||Total Internal Cable Routing (TiCR) is the state-of-the-art internal cable routing system that sets the standard across the whole bike industry. This system is versatile, accommodating both wireless and electro-mechanical group sets. |
TiCR completely conceals the cables within the bar/stem or integrated handlebar. This not only enhances the bike’s aesthetic appeal but also significantly improves aerodynamic performance and protects the cables from external elements.
|FlatBack Profile||The FlatBack Profile is a significant aerodynamic feature in the Pinarello Dogma F. Essentially, it’s a truncated aerofoil design that provides an aerodynamic advantage while adhering to the 3:1 rule set by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). |
By using this design, the bike achieves excellent aerodynamic performance with minimal lateral wind resistance. This means less energy is expended fighting wind resistance, leading to greater speed and efficiency.
|Onda Fork||The Onda Fork is a distinctive Pinarello technology that has been around since 2000. This fork’s unique design offers precise steering abilities, stability, and a notable reduction of both longitudinal and lateral shocks. It does this by effectively absorbing road vibrations and dissipating them before they can reach the rider, resulting in a smoother, more comfortable ride.|