Helmet Certifications and Standards (CPSC, EN 1078, AS/NZS 2063)

Founder, Mr. Mamil

With countless helmet models available on the market, how can you ensure that the helmet you choose provides the necessary protection? 

This is where helmet safety standards and certifications play a vital role. Certifications such as CPSC, EN 1078, and AS/NZS 2063 serve as a benchmark for helmet safety, ensuring that helmets meet rigorous testing and performance criteria.

Reputable organizations develop these standards and involve thorough testing processes that assess a helmet’s ability to protect the wearer during an impact. Before being certified, helmets must pass a series of tests, including impact tests, retention system strength tests, and positional stability tests. 

By choosing a helmet that meets one of these internationally recognized safety standards, you can have confidence that your helmet will provide adequate protection in an accident.

This article discusses the three leading safety standards used in bicycle helmets today.

  • CPSC
  • EN 1078
  • AS/NZS 2063 

Helmet safety standards and certifications

The table compares the CPSC, EN 1078, and AS/NZS 2063 helmet safety standards.

Safety standardOriginHelmet types coveredMandatory in
CPSCUnited StatesCyclistsUnited States
EN 1078European UnionCyclists, skateboarders, roller skatersEuropean Union
AS/NZS 2063Australia and New ZealandPCyclistsAustralia and New Zealand
The three most common helmet safety standards and certifications

Many countries outside the United States, European Union, Australia, and New Zealand adopt or adapt one of the major safety standards (CPSC, EN 1078, or AS/NZS 2063) for bicycle helmets for their national standards.

Here are a few examples.

CountryLocal helmet standardRemarks
ArgentinaIRAM 3621
ChileNCh 2557 Of.2008
ColombiaNTC 5806
IndiaIS 4151
IndonesiaSNI 7325:2008
IsraelSI 5340
KoreaKS G 7001
MalaysiaMS 2063Based on AS/NZS 2063
New ZealandNZS 2063Combined with Australian standard as AS/NZS 2063
PhilippinesPNS 2063Based on AS/NZS 2063
RussiaGOST R 51256-99
SingaporeSS 9Adapted from AS/NZS 2063
South AfricaSANS 2063Based on AS/NZS 2063
TaiwanCNS 13438
ThailandTIS 1026-2559
TurkeyTS EN 1078Based on EN 1078
UkraineDSTU EN 1078Based on EN 1078
United Arab EmiratesUAE.S 5010:2016
VietnamTCVN 10206:2017
Helmet safety standards around the world

Some countries may also accept or recognize other major international standards, such as CPSC, EN 1078, or AS/NZS 2063. 

As requirements may vary, verifying the specific safety standards and regulations for bicycle helmets in the country where you plan to use or sell them is essential.

Helmet safety testing procedures

Helmet testing procedures ensure that helmets meet specific safety criteria and provide adequate protection to the wearer. 

These tests assess various aspects of helmet performance, such as impact protection, retention system strength, and positional stability. The testing procedures for different helmet standards (e.g., CPSC, EN 1078, AS/NZS 2063) may vary slightly but generally share similar test parameters.

Here’s an overview of common helmet testing procedures and what the test parameters mean.

Impact protection tests

These tests evaluate a helmet’s ability to absorb and dissipate the energy of an impact, which is critical in preventing head injuries during a crash. Helmets are subjected to a series of impacts on different parts of the helmet (front, side, rear, and top) using a guided drop test rig.

A headform, which simulates a human head, is placed inside the helmet, and the helmet is then dropped onto a solid, flat surface or an anvil with a specific shape. The force transmitted to the headform is measured using sensors, and the helmet must not exceed certain force limits to pass the test.

Test parameterCPSCEN 1078AS/NZS 2063
Test Height (Flat)2 meters1.5 meters1.5 meters
Test Height (Kerb)1.2 meters1.05 meters1.0 meters
Impact protection test parameters for CPSC, EN 1078 and AS/NZS 2063

Retention system strength tests

The retention system, which includes the straps and buckles, is crucial for keeping the helmet securely in place during an accident.

These tests evaluate the strength and durability of the retention system by applying force to the straps and checking for slippage or breakage. The helmet must maintain its position on the headform and not exceed certain slippage limits to pass the test.

Test parameterCPSCEN 1078AS/NZS 2063
Allowable force300g250g250g
Test methodDynamic tension loadStatic tensile loadDynamic tension load
Test load300 pounds (1335 N)50 pounds (222 N)300 pounds (1335 N)
Retention system strength test parameters for CPSC, EN 1078 and AS/NZS 2063

Positional stability tests (roll-off tests)

These tests assess a helmet’s ability to stay securely in place when subjected to forces that may cause it to move or come off the head during an accident.

The helmet is placed on a headform, and a force is applied to the front or rear to simulate the helmet being pushed off the head. The helmet must not roll off the headform to pass the test.

Test parameterCPSCEN 1078AS/NZS 2063
Test duration120 seconds30 seconds120 seconds
Test methodInclined anvil dropRoll-off testInclined anvil drop
Test requirement≤ 30 mm forward shiftNo roll-off≤ 30 mm forward shift
Positional stability test parameters for CPSC, EN 1078 and AS/NZS 2063

Ventilation and field of vision tests

While not directly related to safety, these tests ensure that the helmet provides adequate airflow and does not obstruct the wearer’s field of vision.

Ventilation tests measure the amount of air that can flow through the helmet, while field of vision tests check whether the helmet’s design obstructs the wearer’s line of sight.

Additional tests

Depending on the specific safety standard, helmets may be subjected to further tests, such as those for UV degradation, high or low-temperature performance, and chemical resistance (e.g., sweat, sunscreen, or insect repellent).

How to pick a certified bike helmet

By following these steps, you can ensure that you choose a helmet that provides the highest level of protection and meets the required safety standards for your region.

Checking for certification labels

Certification labels are essential to a helmet’s compliance with specific safety standards. These labels are usually placed inside the helmet or on its packaging. 

Depending on your country, look for labels such as CPSC (US), EN 1078 (Europe), AS/NZS 2063 (Australia/New Zealand), or other relevant national standards. Ensure the label is genuine and not counterfeit or tampered with.

Verifying certification with manufacturers

In addition to checking for certification labels, you can verify a helmet’s certification by contacting the manufacturer directly or visiting their website. Most reputable helmet manufacturers will provide information about their products’ certifications and testing procedures. 

This additional verification can help ensure that the helmet you are considering is certified and meets the necessary safety requirements.

Purchasing from reputable retailers

Buying from a reputable retailer is crucial to minimize the risk of purchasing a counterfeit or substandard helmet. 

Well-established retailers are more likely to carry certified helmets from trusted manufacturers, ensuring you receive a product that meets the necessary safety standards. 

Avoid purchasing helmets from unknown or unverified sellers, as there is a higher risk of encountering counterfeit or non-certified products.

Learn more about bike helmets


Here are the sources for the test parameters mentioned in the comparison of CPSC, EN 1078, and AS/NZS 2063 safety standards.

Alex Lee at Mr.Mamil

Alex Lee is the founder and editor-at-large of Mr. Mamil. Coming from a professional engineering background, he breaks down technical cycling nuances into an easy-to-understand and digestible format here.

He has been riding road bikes actively for the past 12 years and started racing competitively in the senior category during the summer recently.